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Sports nutrition

People who are active and eat a variety of nutritious food tend to be healthier, live longer and are at less risk of developing lifestyle illnesses such as heart disease or diabetes. For balanced, healthy eating a coach should encourage participants and their families to:

  • eat from the core food groups each day:

    • breads, cereals and other grain foods

    • vegetables

    • fruit

    • dairy - milk, yoghurt and cheese

    • meat, fish, poultry, eggs and legumes

    • fats - oils, butter

  • eat plenty of plant foods (vegetables, legumes, fruit, bread, cereal, rice and pasta), moderate amounts of animal foods (milk, yoghurt, cheese, meat, fish, poultry and eggs), and small amounts of the extra foods (including oils, butter and margarines).

  • choose varieties of foods from within each of the food groups.

  • remember that breakfast (including cereal, toast, fruit and dairy) is important and a great start to the day.

  • fuel up for training and competition by eating plenty of carbohydrate foods, such as pasta, rice, bread and cereals.

  • choose low-salt foods and use salt sparingly.

  • drink plenty of fluid, coaches should help participants to, follow a fluid replacement routine, or drink before, during and after training and competition. Fluid should be increased during hot or humid weather.

  • encourage set times for meals and limit the number of snacks to three per day.

  • avoid eating in front of the television and do not use food as a reward or comfort.

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Did you know?

Gold Coast 2018 is the 5th Commonwealth Games to be hosted by Australia.

Quick numbers

11.6 million Australian adults participate in sport or physical activity three or more times per week.
3.2 million Australian children participate in organised sport or physical activity outside of school.
$10 billion is spent annually by Australians on fees for participation in sport or physical activity.
17 million Australian adults participate in a sport or physical activity every year.